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Task 1

Установите соответствие тем  F текстам 1 – 5, выбрав нужную букву в выпадающем списке. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании одна тема лишняя.

 

A. EASILY LEARNED
B. EXTREMELY DANGEROUS
C. SADLY DISAPPEARING
D. RARELY BEATEN
E. SURPRISINGLY SUCCESSFUL
F. QUICKLY GROWING

 

1

Draughts (or ‘checkers’ as the Americans call it) is one of the most popular games around the world. The rules are simple. Even young children have no problem working out how to play. The top players study moves in the same way chess players do but anyone can pick it up and have a go. Getting to a high standard takes a lot of hard work and practice but the basics are not particularly difficult.

2

Since 1997, when the game of Ultima Online became popular, many thousands of people have played all kinds of games online – and the numbers are still increasing rapidly. Every year, more and more people discover the pleasures of playing over the internet and the next generation of games consoles are being designed with that in mind. There seems to be no sign that this explosion in online games will stop any time soon.

3

It has been called the greatest phenomenon in the history of games, but when Trivial Pursuit was created by two friends in 1981, few people had any idea what a hit it would be. It was a quiz game and none of the games companies expected it to do well, until an American company became interested in it. Many millions of Trivial Pursuit games have been sold since then in 19 languages and 33 different countries.

4

Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian was chess world champion from 1963 to 1969. He dominated the game during those years and almost never lost. He was known as a player who was strong in defence and very few players got the better of him. In fact, his defensive play was so good that he was known as ‘Iron Tigran’. When he did lose, it was big news in Moscow chess circles.

5

It seems that there have been some big changes in the British playground. Twenty years ago, traditional games were played in every school across the country during the break. These days, they are quickly being replaced by hand-held games consoles and other electronic games. Before long, there is a danger that traditional games could die out. Once they are forgotten, it may be impossible to bring these enjoyable pastimes back to the playground.

 

Task 2

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 6 – 10, отмечая букву A, B, C или D, соответствующую номеру выбранного Вами варианта ответа.

 

Although I left university with a good degree, I suddenly found that it was actually quite hard to find a job. After being unemployed for a few months, I realised I had to take the first thing that came along or I’d be in serious financial difficulties. And so, for six very long months, I became a market research telephone interviewer.

I knew it wasn’t the best company in the world when they told me that I’d have to undergo three days of training before starting work, and that I wouldn’t get paid for any of it. Still, I knew that the hourly rate when I actually did start full time would be good. So, I thought of the money I’d earn and put up with three days of unpaid training. Whatever those three days taught me, I wasn’t prepared for the way I would be treated by the supervisors.

It was worse than being at school. There were about twenty interviewers like myself, each sitting in a small, dark booth with an ancient computer and a dirty telephone. The booths were around the walls of the fifth floor of a concrete office block, and the supervisors sat in the middle of the room, listening to all of our telephone interviews. We weren’t allowed to talk to each other, and if we took more than about two seconds from ending one phone call and starting another, they would shout at us to hurry up and get on with our jobs. We even had to ask permission to go to the toilet. I was amazed how slowly the day went.

It wouldn’t have been so bad if what we were doing had been useful. But it wasn’t. Most of our interviews were for a major telecommunications company. We’d have to ring up businesses and ask them things like, ‘Is your telecoms budget more than three million pounds a year?’ The chances are we’d get the reply, ‘Oh, I don’t think so. I’ll ask my husband. This is a corner shop. We’ve only got one phone.’ And so the day went on.

The most frightening aspect of the job was that I was actually quite good at it. ‘Oh no!’ I thought. ‘Maybe I’m destined to be a market researcher for the rest of my life.’ My boss certainly seemed to think so. One day – during a break, of course – she ordered me into her office. ‘Simon,’ she said, ‘I’m promoting you. From tomorrow, you’re off telecoms and onto credit card complaints. I’m sure you can handle it. There’s no extra pay, but it is a very responsible position.’

Three weeks later I quit. It was one of the best decisions I’ve ever made.

 

6

Why did the writer become a market research telephone interviewer?

 

A

He had completely run out of money.

 

B

He had the right university degree for the job.

 

C

It was the first job he was offered.

 

D

He knew it was only for six months.

 

7

The writer had doubts about the company when

 

A

they only offered him three days of training.

 

B

they told him he wouldn’t receive payment for his training.

 

C

they told him he had to be trained first.

 

D

he was told what the hourly rate would be.

 

8

His workplace could best be described as

 

A

large and noisy.

 

B

silent and dirty.

 

C

untidy and crowded.

 

D

old-fashioned and uncomfortable.

 

9

What would have made the job more bearable?

 

A

knowing that he was carrying out a valuable service

 

B

being able to phone much larger companies

 

C

not having to talk to shopkeepers

 

D

not having to ring up businesses

 

10

What was unusual about Simon’s promotion?

 

A

It showed how good he was at his job.

 

B

It meant he would be phoning different people.

 

C

It involved greater responsibility.

 

D

There was no increase in salary.

 

Task 3

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами после номеров 11 – 15, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы 11 – 15.

 


11

The Russian writer Anton Chekhov, who was born in 1860 and died in 1904, made an enormous to modern literature. His


CONTRIBUTE

12

success was a remarkable , and came despite the fact

ACHIEVE


13

that Chekhov’s family lived in severe poverty for much of his
.


CHILD



14

Chekhov’s works have had a great influence on 20th century literature in many ways, particularly in terms of plot and narrative structure, and character .



DEVELOP

15

Even today, more than a hundred years after his , Chekhov’s stories are extremely popular all over the world.

DEAD

 

Task 4

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами А16  А20. В таблице ниже каждому номеру 16-20 соответствуют 4 варианта ответа a-d. Заполните пропуски, выбрав нужную букву в выпадающем списке. .

 

Ruth knocked on the door. Dr Johansson opened it and led her excitedly inside. She had called him the day before to (16) _____________ a few facts for an article she was writing for the newspaper – Dr Johansson was a leading expert in physics – and he had invited her to go and see his latest experiment. At first, she had tried to (17) ____________ out of it, remembering the hours of physics lessons she had sat through at school. However, he had insisted (18) ____________ seeing her, saying that she wouldn’t regret it. As they walked into the laboratory, Ruth wondered exactly what she was letting herself in for. A cat sat on a workbench. It opened one eye lazily and looked at her. There was a black box connected to a computer and another black box on the other side of the room.
‘Now, Miss Evans,’ said Dr Johansson, with a slight foreign (19) ____________. ‘What you are about to see may change the world forever!’
He pushed a couple of buttons and a low hum filled the room. ‘I have been conducting experiments on this for three years, and finally I have succeeded.’
Dr Johansson picked up the cat and placed it in the black box, closing the lid gently. He stood Ruth next to the other black box.
‘The transportation of a living creature!’ Dr Johansson said triumphantly, and he pressed a final button. There was a spark of electricity in the air. He opened the box and the cat had disappeared.
‘You…you’ve killed it!’ Ruth shouted. Dr Johansson smiled and pointed to the black box next to her. He (20) ____________ her to look inside. She slowly lifted the lid. The cat looked up at her, then closed its eyes and settled down for a nap.

 

16

(a) control

(b) check

(c) try

(d) measure

17

(a) come

(b) do

(c) get

(d) put

18

(a) on

(b) with

(c) for

(d) in

19

(a) talk

(b) speech

(c) tongue

(d) accent

20

(a) spoke

(b) told

(c) said

(d) talked